show the formation of Na2O and MgO by the transfer of electrons

show the formation of Na2O and MgO by the transfer of electrons

show the formation of Na2O and MgO by the transfer of electrons
Aditya Raj Anand
Monday, 27 December 2021
show the formation of Na2O and MgO by the transfer of electrons

As we know, the electronic configuration of any atoms tells us how much that atom is stable. And also how many that atom can share their valence electron to become stable.

Here in this post, we will discuss a most asked question. That is show the formation of Na2O and MgO by the transfer of electrons. 

To answer this question. Let's get help of electron dot structure. A electron dot structure is a method to find and the type of bond and types of ions of any atoms or molecules.

Now, let's explore the formation of Na2O and MgO by electron dot structure. But before we start the formation let's understand how two atoms or molecules combined each other.

We all know that two or more atoms or molecules can be combined to form a compound. All these compounds can be made by electron dot structure.

This happens as follows: when two or more atoms or molecules combined with the help of electron dot structure a compound formed.

In the same way, sodium oxide (Na2O) and Magnesium oxide (MgO) can be formed with the help of electron dot structure.

The formation of Na2O and MgO by transfer of electrons.

As we know that sodium atom has 11 electron, proton and neutron. And oxygen atom has 8 electron, proton and neutron.

Therefore, sodium atom has 1 extra electron. Because even it has 10 electron it can achieve the noble gas state.

On the other hand, oxygen has 2 less electron to achieve the state of noble gas.

So, if both the atom sodium and oxygen will share each other electron then both can achieve the state of stability.

Now, sodium has only one extra electron but oxygen needs 2 electron to become stable. So, if 2 sodium atoms shares one own electron then oxygen can get 2 electron.

This share of electron from one atom to another atom to make a compound known as electron dot structure. Aa shown in given fig.

show the formation of Na2O and MgO by the transfer of electrons

Here, we will discuss the formation of Na2O and MgO by electron dot structure.

As you can see in the above fig. Sodium (Na) has one free electron to share. But oxygen needs two electron to become stable. That's why two sodium atom gives each one electron to the oxygen and become a positive ions.

Because as we know, those atom who give electron known as positive ions and those who gain of electron known as negative ions.

That's the reason oxygen has 2 negative ions. Similarly in magnesium oxide compound, Magnesium gives 2 electron to oxygen and become positive ions. And oxygen has two negative ions due to gain of electron.

Please note that:- whenever we make a compound by two distinct elements. We have to do it by electron dot structure.

After you have solved the problem related to electron dot structure. You will notice that the balancing of such compounds also happens.

Ask your queries here.